Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high. There are 2 main types of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is far more common than type 1. In the UK, around 90% of all adults with diabetes have type 2.
Type 1 diabetes – where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin.
Type 2 diabetes – where the body does not produce enough insulin, or the
body’s cells do not react to insulin.
Quite a few people have high blood sugar levels, however it may not be high enough to be diagnosed diabetic. This is known as pre- diabetes. If your blood sugar level is above the normal range, your risk of developing diabetes is increased. This is why it’s important to get your sugar levels checked, if you’re diabetic and don’t know it can get worse if untreated.
- feeling very thirsty
- peeing more frequently than usual, particularly at night
- feeling very tired
- weight loss and loss of muscle bulk
- itching around the penis or vagina, or frequent episodes of thrush
- cuts or wounds that heal slowly
- blurred vision
Type 1 diabetes can develop quickly over weeks or even days. Many people have type 2 diabetes for years without realising because the early symptoms tend to be general. There are no lifestyle changes you can make to lower your risk of type 1 diabetes. You can help manage type 2 diabetes through healthy eating, regular exercise and achieving a healthy body weight.
Due to the circumstances practices are only open for major health problems so you may not be able to get checked for diabetes. However keeping a healthy diet and watching how much sugar you consume can help until the practices open as normal.